(Brussels) “Anti-Semitism is still rearing its ugly head all over Europe. At a time when hate has yet again become a political tool, our Jewish communities all too often live in fear of being at the receiving end of discrimination, abuse and even violence”. The First Vice-President of the European Commission, Frans Timmermans, said this as he commented on a Eurobarometer survey published today ahead of International Holocaust Remembrance Day on 27 January. “Whenever mutual respect and tolerance are coming under pressure, anti-Semitism will be on the rise. It is essential that every European citizen knows and understands to what horrors anti-Semitism has led in our history”. As “the last Holocaust survivors are passing away, the responsibility to keep the memory of these darkest pages in our history alive rests on the shoulders of our and future generations. It is our sacred duty to honour the memory of six million victims. So that they will not be forgotten, so that we will not revisit the horrors of the past”. According to Eurobarometer, while 89% of Jews living in Europe believe that anti-Semitism is a problem that still exists today, with explicit manifestations of intolerance against them, only 36% of respondents believe that this phenomenon is increasing in Europe today. At the same time, 50% of Europeans consider that anti-Semitism is a problem in their country.