"In our times, the common good is increasingly threatened by transnational organized crime, the improper use of the markets and of the economy, as well as by terrorism". This is the beginning of the Motu Proprio on criminal matters adopted today by Pope Francis. Also today the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State passed a series of laws: Law No. VIII, containing "Supplementary Norms on Criminal Law Matters"; Law No. IX, containing "Amendments to the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code"; and Law No. X, containing "General Provisions on Administrative Sanctions". The aim of the Motu Proprio is to extend the application of criminal laws passed by the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State to the Holy See too. In particular, the criminal laws adopted today are a continuation of the efforts to update the legal system of Vatican City State, building upon the measures adopted since 2010 during the pontificate of Benedict XVI. These laws, however, have a broader scope, since they provide for the implementation of numerous international Conventions, including the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 on war crimes; the 1965 international Convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination; the 1984 Convention against torture and other punishments; and the 1989 Convention on the rights of the child. ” “

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