14.788: there are as many dead and missing people among those who sought to reach Europe in the period 1990-2009 to create a better future for themselves and for their families. Migrants mostly arriving from Africa (5.947), Asia (1.743), Europe (820) Latin America and the Caribbeans (95), while the place of departure of the remaining 6,182 migrants is “unknown”. Italy. Data was issued July 6 in Rome during the workshop “Promised Land: media and immigration”, promoted by the Community of Saint Egidio in conjunction with the Roman Press Association and the Lazio chapter of the Italian Catholic Press (UCSI). The theme of immigration is conveyed by the media in news reports and is associated to the so-called security emergency, without seeking to overcome “the whim regarding the semantic bearing of the term ‘clandestine'”, which conveys “social alarm”. According to estimates, approximately half of the 15 thousand dead at sea in the period 1990-2009, were people that would have had the right to asylum and to the refugee status. A different form communication is needed operating in favour of integration and capable of downsizing the social alarm, informing citizens on the themes of immigration with a correct attitude as provided for in the “Charter of Rome” (http://www.fnsi.it/Pdf/Carte_deonto/Carta_di_Roma.pdf) issued by Italian journalists in June 2008. issued by Italian journalists in June 2008.Germany. “The images of drifted boats and dead migrants correspond to a society whereby the news fails to acknowledge the core of the migration question – said Karl Hoffmann, from the public German television network ARD -. “High audience ratings is the target of contemporary media, to the detriment of the truth and the reality of the facts”. According to the journalist, “informing on migration in Germany is possible and easy especially if there is an account of individual stories, if the problem becomes personal, if the message of the dreadful sea crossing comes across, presenting the reasons of the flight, and voicing the claims of the protagonists. In my Country many TV programs deal with this issue, many of them hosted by immigrants naturalized Germans or in the process of doing so. Some of these shows are in German while others are broadcast in the migrants’ language of origin. Finally – he concluded – migrants need journalists who will take care of them”.England. The focal point of the address of the journalist from “The Observer”, Tom Kington was the cultural standpoint of the immigration phenomenon. “In the 1970s – Kington recalled – there was a racist culture in England, marked by the citizens’ fear of foreigners. Although at the time, as is the case in Italy today, our Country needed the help of the newly arrived. In my articles I seek to identify whether Italian culture is influenced by migration and whether its identity is at risk. The culture of the Countries of arrival must be rightly protected but in England we have taken advantage of interculturality to the extent that, as relates to gastronomy for example, curry is England’s national dish. British culture no longer exists and the Queen is not enough to keep it living”.France. “France is already at the third generation of immigrants. But this doesn’t imply successful immigration. The problem is that the new arrivals are not well received. Many of them have been sent back to the borders”. Anne Le Nir, correspondent of Radio France International, depicted a more critical scenario. However, she pointed out, “France wouldn’t be the Country it is today without the migrants. The media cover the theme of immigration only when a migrant wins the lottery – and in this case it hits front news -, or when a Muslim girl is slaughtered by her father for having adopted a Western lifestyle. This, for the media is sellable news”.Spain. For Henriq Juliana, of “La Vanguardia”, Spanish public opinion “was deeply struck by the arrival of migrants on small boats in the Canaries and Andalusian coasts, staging the tragedy of the Atlantic and human trafficking from Africa. However, most migration flows arrive not from the sea but from airports”. Juliana has few doubts about the future: “first of all we will have to contend with Islam, which has historical roots in Spain (25% of all migrants are from Maghreb). The possibility of wearing the burqua is also being discussed. Despite the strong regional cultural traditions migration flows cause their minorization and relationships worsen. In Catalunya it’s already a reality”.
Information in Europe: security first?