Building trans-border transportation networks, energy and heat pipelines to homes, funding university studies abroad. Or rather support initiatives for professional jobs for disabled people, help local bodies in territorial development, disaster aid. The Community budget includes thousand of expenses, but EU’s yearly funds, collected from Member States do not exceed 1% of wealth produced in the 27 countries. This year’s available fund. The 2010 budget, approved after a long procedure (the financial document is submitted in spring by the Commission to the Parliament and Council, representing the EU financial budget authority, that at last approve it in December), received various “commitments”: for example raising funds for the European Economic Recovery Plan, support agriculture and farming (with specific focus to the dairy sector), help less-favoured areas and social cohesion. Eu institutions will this year manage 141 billion euros in “commitment funding”, equal to 1% of Europe’s Gross Domestic Product. The largest sum has been allocated to “Competitiveness for growth and employment” and “Cohesion”, followed by agriculture and preservation and management of natural resource. The budget’s first two chapters account for more than two thirds of Community funds. The rest is divided among “Freedom, Security and justice”, “Citizenship”, “the EU as a Global Partner” and Administrative expenses (the latter almost 8 billion euros).Cohesion, innovation, security. Out of 141 billion euros, 64 (45%) will be given to development, cohesion, research, education and innovation. Funding for research will increase by 12% (7.5 billion). Energy and transportation funds will increase by 10% (a total of 2 billion). Energy and broadband infrastructure will receive more funds, whereas agriculture remains stable at 44 billion euros. A meaningful growth in funding to fight crime and terrorism: equal to 1 billion euros (17% more than last year). “If we want Europeans to feel safer the 2010 the budget must be managed in an intelligent way”, László Surján, Member from Hungary stated during the voting session. Security in its broadest meaning includes energy supply and jobs (micro-credit tools), as well as external border control.The Parliament’s new role. Newly enforced Lisbon Treaty envisages a novelty in the budget procedure. Budget 2010 will be the last one to follow the procedure dictated by the previous Nice Treaty, in which the Parliament holds no true power on common agriculture expenses and other ones deemed “compulsory”, competence of the Council. By focusing on some important issues on the yearly budget, one can notice how the European economic recovery plan has allocated 5 billion euros to fund- in 2009 and 2010- projects on energy, broadband and rural development. The Eu will allocate 60 million euros for border control and immigration, funding also Frontex, the European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at External Borders, while the European Refugee Fund can count con 92 million euros. Cooperation with third countries on immigration and asylum will receive 55 million euros (to manage migration for labour purposes, fight against illegal immigration, protection against immigrant exploitation).From the Mediterranean to Scandinavia. The expense lines include many initiatives. The Mediterranean Euro Partnership (791 million euros) is involved in studies on costal pollution and quality of marine water. Other initiatives emerge out of the need to fight and prevent drug dissemination, favour competition in the textile and shoe sector, promote research and new technologies in clean energy such as wind and sun, and link effectively Scandinavian countries. Funds will also be allocated for social, economic and administrative reforms in Candidate countries (Croatia, Turkey, Macedonia) and “potential candidates”, that is Balkan countries.
Resources are 1% of wealth produced by 27 Member Countries