Dailies and periodicals” “

“Chirac defends the UNO against Bush”. That’s the opening headline in Le Monde (24/9), which notes that “the disagreements between France and the USA on the war in Iraq and the role of the United Nations in international politics remain unchanged”. The speeches of Jacques Chirac and George W. Bush to the UN General Assembly in New York, observes the French daily on its front page, saw “each entrenched behind his own position. The French President defended multilateralism and once again criticised the American decision to go to war against Iraq without the seal of approval of the Security Council”, while the American President stressed “he had no regrets and no doubts about the war in Iraq”, both in its initial phase and in its present-day results. “United States against France: it’s no longer war, it’s not yet peace”: that’s the title of the editorial signed by Bruno Frappat in La Croix (23/4), in which he notes that “the diplomatic conflict between the two ‘friendly’ countries does not occur without reminding us of what is happening, very concretely, on the field, in Iraq: there’s no longer open battle but the situation has not been stabilised”. According to Frappat, “the debate between the two allies is now linked to a question of principle and to one of timetable. In France’s view, the destiny of Iraq must be restored to the Iraqi people, and speedily. Only then, with the support of the UNO, can Iraqi power be supported by the whole of the international community, without exceptions. America wants to reverse the order of operations, considering utopian and dangerous the idea of a rapid transfer of powers to the Iraqis installed by the Americans in Baghdad”. The Herald Tribune, on the other hand (25/9), dedicates its front-page story, including a prominent photograph, to the handshake between Bush and Schroeder: “The United States and Germany wish to cancel their past disagreement over Iraq”, says the headline, while Brian Knowlton, in the article, comments: “It was their first official discussion in over ten years, a significant attempt to overcome the tensions in their relations”. The elections in Bavaria, the three-man summit in Berlin and a controversial sentence of the Constitutional Court: these are the three main issues on which the comments of the German press have been focused in recent days. “ Everyone is wondering: how is it possible for the CSU to have achieved such a result? Simply the fact – writes Heribert Prantl in the Süddeutsche Zeitung of 22/9 – that in Bavaria it is the tradition to vote for the CSU. It is the merit of the CSU to have created this tradition. “ The triumph of Stoiber does not have its roots only in Bavaria. Thanks should also go to Chancellor Schröder and to a government that fails to give to its potential electors any reason for interrupting their Sunday stroll to go to vote“, observes Astrid Hölscher in the Frankfurter Rundschau (FR) of 22/9. In the view of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (Faz) of 22/9, the Schröder-Chirac-Blair summit has the value of a “ signal“: “ Great Britain is engaged in rapprochement with Germany and France, at least as far as Europe is concerned, but in no very enthusiastic way“. Knut Pries of the FR judges “ important the progress made in the internal European dimension. In the construction of a common policy on security, the British are evidently willing to show greater condescension“; at this point, “ a major obstacle on the way towards a European Constitution would be removed“. The Faz of 25/9, lastly, contains a comment by Reinhard Müller on a sentence of the German Constitutional Court, which on 24 September ruled in favour of an Islamic teacher, authorising him to wear his headgear also in the classroom: “ It would have been nice to know – writes Müller – what’s so different between a cross hanging on the wall and a teacher who enters the class wearing Islamic headgear. Have pupils and parents only the right to ask for the removal of the Christian crucifix, appealing to their own negative religious freedom, and must they simultaneously tolerate the Islamic symbol on the head of a public servant charged with teaching?” The pages of the Spanish daily El Periódico ( 24/9) report the speech of Kofi Annan to the General Assembly in New York: “The Secretary General of the UNO fears the law of the jungle being imposed”, says the daily, which adds: “Kofi Annan yesterday warned Washington that its policy of preventive attacks jeopardises the international collective structure of the United Nations, a structure that is not perfect but is of great value”.———————————————————————————————————– Sir Europa (English) N.ro assoluto : 1234 N.ro relativo : 64 Data pubblicazione : 26/09/2003

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