A common "eco-attention"” “

New strategies and lifestyles for the safeguard of the environment in Europe: a document from Kiev" "

“Eco-efficiency”, “eco-justice”, “eco-sufficiency”: these are the keywords of the final Document of the 5th International Conference on “Ethics and Environmental Policies”, held in Kiev from 2 to 6 April, and promoted by the Lanza Foundation in Padua in collaboration with the National Ecological Centre of the Ukrainian capital. “Eco-efficiency”, “eco-justice”, “eco-sufficiency” are the objectives and results that the Document’s recommendations propose to achieve. The meeting, attended by some 150 environmentalists, experts and businessmen from various Western and Eastern European countries, was concluded with an interreligious celebration in which Catholic, Orthodox and Jewish representatives participated. “Eco-efficiency, eco-justice, echo-sufficiency” “Eco-efficiency – says the final document – requires that the institutions draw up coherent plans of sustainable development and that individual companies adopt eco-compatible business strategies. Eco-justice, in turn, translates the consciousness that all countries must be placed in a condition of “equality”; the developed countries, in particular, are asked, through the creation of eco-incentives, to enable the economically less developed countries to adopt plans that would permit not only their economic development, but also safeguard their environmental heritage that must be transmitted to future generations. Eco-sufficiency, thirdly, is aimed at promoting gradual and appropriate processes of formation aimed at modifying the lifestyles of individuals, and encouraging innovation in production processes and management strategies in firms”. The document, which will be presented to the European Ministers for the environment who are due to meet on 21-23 May, also in Kiev, proposes, among other things, “the establishment of a supranational body to formulate and propose effective interventions at the environmental level”. The example of Ukraine. Among the countries of Eastern Europe, the Ukraine seems to occupy a significant place in terms of the particular attention it has devoted to environmental issues. However, there is widespread awareness in the country that precise and ever more unavoidable strategic and structural policies of eco-compatibility cannot be adopted by it alone . “Ukraine – as emerged during the work of the Conference – is a country with a very high potential for growth and economic development, which find their main source of strength in the enormous environmental resources that characterize it”. It’s enough to think – said Anatoliy Galchynski of the National Institute for Strategic Studies in Kiev – “that approximately 27% of the arable land in Europe and 1/3 of black earth are found in Ukraine”. But “to solve the grave problems affecting the environment and its safeguard – he continued – it’s no longer possible to confine ourselves to the problems of our own backyard”. Church and environment. The attention paid by the Churches to environmental issues and the conservation of the creation is well known. In May last year, the CCEE, Council of the European Episcopal Conferences, held a consultation of European bishops on the environment in Venice. This was followed up by other meetings and initiatives, such as the joint Declaration of John Paul II and Bartholomew I, ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople and the more recent meeting (February 2003) on water, held in Germany and again promoted by the CCEE. Future meetings include the 5th Consultation of the Episcopal Conferences on the safeguard of the creation, to be held in Wroclaw, Poland, from 15 to 18 May 2003.

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